Financial planning and analysis (FPA) is the process of compiling and analyzing an organization's long-term financial strategy. It is the process of preparing a budget based on information about expenses and income. In organisations, assets and liabilities are also considered in the process of financial planning. Implementing the budget, tracking progress, and documenting results are also considered part of financial planning.
Financial analysis uses the output of financial planning to assess profitability, liquidity, solvency, and stability for organizations. It also helps companies make decisions about business strategies. In addition to creating an organization's extended financial plan, FP&A departments also generate management reports, analyze financial trends, calculate the monetary effects of potential business decisions and advise the management.